Those compounds that have only carbon and hydrogen atoms are called hydrocarbons. Those hydrocarbons which are bonded together, using only single bonds, are called alkanes.
In studying this class of compounds, we will first deal with the issue of systematic nomenclature, that is, how each of these compounds is assigned a unique name that distinguishes it from all others. The nomenclature of alkanes will serve as the foundation for naming the other types of compounds, so you will need to develop a good understanding of the process.
After that, we will consider the physical properties and chemical reactions of alkanes. There will be lab work for you to do, as well.
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Clackamas Community College