Self-Ionization of Water
Home Up Self-Ionization of Water Definition of pH Hydronium-Hydroxide Balance Kw Calculating H-OH Ion Concentrations Calculating pH and pOH

 


Self-Ionization of Water

Water molecules collide with one another to cause the self-ionization reaction represented by this equation: 2H2O rtarrow.gif (850 bytes) H3O+ + OH-
It is a reversible reaction so the equation is usually written with the arrows going in both directions: 2H2O dblarrow.gif (852 bytes) H3O+ + OH-
The reaction does not form very much H3O+ or OH-. In one liter of water there are about 55 moles of water molecules, but only 1.0 x 10-7 moles of H3O+ and OH- are formed (at room temperature). So the concentrations of H3O+ and OH- in pure water are 1.0 x 10-7 M. It is the 7 in the exponent or power of this number that gives neutral water a pH of 7.

 

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E-mail instructor: Eden Francis

Clackamas Community College
1998, 2002 Clackamas Community College, Hal Bender